Research Papers

The Birkbeck Sports Business Centre launched a Research Paper Series in September 2008. The purpose of the series is to provide a forum for critical discussion on the key challenges facing the sports business. On the editorial board are Mr. Sean Hamil, Dr. Geoff Walters, Dr. Richard Tacon and Dr. Giambattista Rossi. Copies of published research papers are available to download below.

For further details contact Sean Hamil.

Working Papers

Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 11, Number 2, September 2018: Fair sales for fair play: Evidence from the Italian Serie A. Dr. Lorenzo Neri, Dr. Antonella Russo, Dr. Marco Di Domizio, and Dr. Giambattista Rossi.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 11, Number 1, January 2018: Inferring sporting ambition from competitive balance. Dr Richard Evans.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 10, Number 3, December 2017: Adoption of good governance by national sporting associations: a Malaysian perspective. Mr Ahmad Arif bin Astaman
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 10, Number 2, March 2017: Place marketing and mega events: Intentions and short-term results of nation branding of Russia through the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games. Mr. Sergey Baryshnikov
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 10, Number 1, January 2017: What is the role of an independent non-executive director on the board of a National Governing Body of Sport?. Mr. Patrick Nelson
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 9, Number 4, October 2016: Pay and performance in Italian football. Prof. Dave Berri, Dr. Babatunde Buiramo, Dr. Giambattista Rossi and Prof. Rob Simmons.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 9, Number 3, September 2016: Economic evaluation of football players through media value. Dr. Pedro Garcia-del-Barrio and Dr. Francesc Pujol.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 9, Number 2, February 2016: Using Social Media to Identify Market Inefficiencies: Evidence from Twitter and Betfair. Dr. Alasdair Brown, Dr. Dooruj Rambaccussing, Dr. James Reade and Dr. Giambattista Rossi
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 9, Number 1, January 2016: Production, efficiency and corruption in Italian Serie A : A DEA analysis. Dr. Giambattista Rossi, Dr. Gian Luca Di Tanna and Dr. Francesco Addesa.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 8, Number 3, December 2015: Cultivating and tending social capital: A case-study of Arsenal in the Community. Allon Hoskin.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 8, Number 2, February 2015: An Analysis of the Design of the PGA Tour’s FedExCup. Alan Cinnamond.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 8, Number 1, February 2015: Motivation, Segmentation, and the Mega-Tournament Experience: a Study of English Football Tourists at World Cup 2014. Phil Turbutt.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 7, Number 3, September 2014: Economic Model of Financial Fair Play in Professional Football: Richard Evans.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 7, Number 2, May 2014: A review of measures of competitive balance in the “analysis of competitive balance” literature: Richard Evans.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 7, Number 1, May 2014: Sport Policy Analytics for Professional Sports League: Richard Evans.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 6, Number 2,  December 2013: Going beyond on-pitch success: Fan engagement as a catalyst for growth: Nicole Allison.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 6, Number 1, July 2013: The Impact of Economic Growth on the Competitiveness of National Elite Sport Systems: Klaus Nielsen and Rasmus Storm.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 5, Number 2, March 2012: Football and Corporate Social Responsibility: Mark Panton.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 5, Number 1: February 2012: Football community trusts in a new operating landscape: reducing the reliance on grant funding through sponsorship: Tim Bingham. 
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 4, Number 1, July 2011: Corporate Social Responsibility in European Football: Dr Geoff Walters and Richard Tacon.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 4, Number 2, September 2011: The Role of the Board in National Governing Bodies of Sport: Dr Geoff Walters, Richard Tacon, Dr Linda Trenberth.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 3, Number 1, September 2010: Good Governance in Sport: A Survey of UK National Governing Bodies of Sport: Dr Geoff Walters, Dr Linda Trenberth, Richard Tacon.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 2, Number 1, January 2009: UEFA Governance, and the Control of Club Competition in Europe, Matthew Holt, Sport England.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 2, Number 2, August 2009: Labour Market Migration in European Football: Key Issues and Challenges – Conference Proceedings from the Feet-Drain Conference hosted by the Birkbeck Sport Business Centre in May 2008.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 2, Number 3, October 2009: Understanding Sports Spectators’ Motives for Attending Live Events: A Study of Darts Fans in the UK: Matt Wasserberg.
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Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper, Volume 1, Number 1, September 2008: Bidding for Major Sporting Events: Key Issues and Challenges faced by Sports Governing Bodies in the UK: Dr Geoff Walters.
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State of the Game Reports:  2001 – 2006

Sean Hamil (2001-2003) and Dr Geoff Walters (2003-2006) were co-authors of the State of the Game reports produced by the Birkbeck Football Governance Research Centre (FGRC). Hamil was a co-founder of the FGRC and its Deputy Director. The reports can be accessed at:

The State of the Game: The Corporate Governance of Football Clubs 2006. Michie, J; Oughton, C.; & Walters, G. (2006-December). Birkbeck College Football Governance Research Centre Research Paper 2006/03 – ISBN 0–9549012-7-4. 70 pages.

The State of the Game: The Corporate Governance of Football Clubs 2005. Holt, M.; Michie, J; Oughton, C.; Tacon, R. & Walters, G. (2005 – November). Birkbeck College Football Governance Research Centre Research Paper 2005/03 – ISBN 0-9549012-4-X.100 pages.

The State of the Game: The Corporate Governance of Football Clubs 2004. Holt, M.; Michie, J; Oughton, C.; Shailer, L. & Walters, G. (2004 – November). Birkbeck College Football Governance Research Centre Research Paper 2004/03 – ISBN 0-9549012-1-5. 84 pages.

The State of the Game: The Corporate Governance of Football Clubs 2003. Hamil, S.; Holt, M.; Michie, J; Oughton, C.; Shailer, L. & Walters, G. (2003 – December). Birkbeck College Football Governance Research Centre Research Paper 2003/04 – ISBN 0-9540265-6-X. 76 pages.

The State of the Game: The Corporate Governance of Football Clubs 2002. Binns, S.; Hamil, S.; Holt, M.; Michie, J; Oughton, C.; Shailer, L. & Wright, K. (2002 – September). Birkbeck College Football Governance Research Centre Research Paper 2002/01 – ISBN 9-954 0265 – 2. 60 pages. 

The State of the Game: The Corporate Governance of Football Clubs 2001. Hamil, S.; Michie, J; Oughton, C. & Shailer, L. (2001 – September). Birkbeck College Football Governance Research Centre Research Paper 2001/02 – ISBN 9-954 0265 – 1 – 9. 52 pages.

Case Studies

The Birkbeck Sports Business Centre launched a Case Study Paper Series in January 2009. The purpose of this is to provide a forum for critical discussion as a means of informing best practice. Publications in this series may be provided by practitioners, and the series is intended for a broad sports business sector audience. The editorial board is made up of Mr Sean Hamil, Dr Linda Trenberth and Dr Geoff Walters.

For further details contact Sean Hamil.

A Case Study of the Stanford Super Series, the West Indian Cricket Board and Digicel, Paul Kitchin, University of Ulster (Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Case Study Papers, Volume 1, Number 1, June 2009: Sponsorship Management in Cricket). View this document

A Case Study of the Emirates Stadium, Geoff Walters, Birkbeck University of London, and Paul Kitchin, University of Ulster (Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Case Study Papers, Volume 1, Number 2, October 2009: Stakeholder Management and Sport Facilities). This case study won the best case award at the European Association of Sport Management Annual Conference held in Amsterdam, September 2009. View this document

The Professional Footballers Association: A Case-Study of Trade Union Growth Walters,G. (2004). View this document